Periodontics is a field of dentistry that focuses on periodontal diseases. According to the Canadian Dental Association, gum disease is very common in that 7 out of 10 Canadians will have it at some time in their lives.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease affects the gums and the jawbone. When plaque is not removed and becomes tartar, it can result in a bacterial infection. This is the early stage of gum disease called gingivitis.
It’s hard to notice it but when it progresses, tiny pockets may form around your teeth. Your gums may also start to bleed when you brush. The infection will then attack the gum tissue and may eventually cause tooth loss.
Why is Periodontal Treatment Necessary?
Periodontal treatment may be necessary due to the following cases:
Advanced gum disease. If the gums are swollen, red, and bleeding, you may need to seek periodontal treatment with your dentist’s recommendation.
Receding gums. Infection and aggressive brushing can cause the gums to recede. It’s important to have your teeth and gums checked to keep the infection from spreading.
Recontouring. If you have an uneven gum line, your dentist may recommend a ridge augmentation procedure or recontouring to correct it. Before proceeding, any periodontal diseases or infections need to be addressed first.
Before crown lengthening. If you’re getting a crown lengthening procedure, the soft tissue surrounding the tooth will have to be removed.
For mild periodontal issues, your dentist may focus on treating the bacterial infection and helping you develop a home care routine.
In advanced cases where there is a significant jawbone recession, more comprehensive cleaning will be required. If any loose teeth can no longer be saved, they will have to be removed.
Preventing Gum Disease
Gum disease is usually painless, making it hard to diagnose. It can already reach an advanced stage before you find out about it. Here are tips to prevent gum disease or any periodontal issue.
Brush at least twice daily for two to three minutes. Be sure to cover areas along the gumline.
Floss daily to prevent plaque and tartar buildup. If you’re having difficulties using traditional floss, try a floss holder.
Use an antibacterial mouth rinse, but note that this isn’t a substitute to brushing or flossing.
Adopt a healthy diet. Limit intake of starchy and sugary foods, and practice eating more fruits and vegetables.
Avoid smoking as this can contribute to periodontal issues and oral cancer.
Be aware of the medications you’re taking. Let your dentist know if they’re leaving your mouth dry.
Stay up-to-date with your routine check-ups and dental cleaning appointments.
Gum Disease Treatments
Gum disease treatment (Periodontics) depends on the severity of the issue. Here are possible treatment options for patients:
Deep cleaning. This procedure includes scaling and root planing to remove and contain bacteria below the gum line.
Pocket reduction surgery. When you have gum disease, pockets where bacteria thrive may form around the teeth. These pockets have to be reduced to keep bacteria out.
Gum graft. Receding gums can be saved by treating exposed tooth roots. Gum recession is a gradual process. Your dentist will let you know if you have it and when you need a gum graft.
Get Your Gums Examined in South Calgary
The gums keep the teeth in place. When they’re weak, the teeth are also affected. Protect your gums and improve both your oral and overall health.