Wisdom tooth extraction is performed to remove one or more wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth are located at the back of the mouth, on the top and bottom.
If there is not enough room for them to grow, it can result in discomfort, infection, pain or other issues. This is one reason you might need to have it pulled.
Wisdom tooth extraction may be done by a dentist or an oral surgeon.
Wisdom teeth are the last to erupt in the mouth. Some never develop them while some don’t have any issues with them. However, some develop impacted wisdom teeth or wisdom teeth that erupt partially.
An impacted wisdom tooth may grow at an angle toward the second molar or the back of the mouth. It can also stay trapped within the jawbone.
If the impacted tooth causes food to become trapped, becomes infected or decayed, causes damage to the surrounding tooth or bone, or develops a cyst, it may have to be extracted.
If you’re not having issues with your wisdom teeth, it may not have to be removed. However, in some cases, it can still be removed to prevent issues in the future.
Your dentist may perform the extraction in their office but if the case is complicated, they may also refer you to an oral surgeon. Your dentist or surgeon may recommend the use of local anesthetic and sedation to ensure your comfort throughout the procedure.
Before the procedure, ask your dentist how many teeth will have to be removed. Find out more information about the procedure - how long it will take, what you can expect, and if there will be any possible complications. Ask as well if you will be needing other dental treatments in the future.
Wisdom tooth extraction is usually an outpatient procedure. You can go home after the surgery. Your dentist will also advise you when you can go back to your normal routine or activities and which medications you need to take if any. It may be best to arrange transportation due to the possible use of sedation.
Once the procedure is completed, you may experience bleeding, pain, and discomfort. Use medications as instructed by your dentist. Holding an ice compress against your jaw may also help relieve pain. Take note of the food and beverages that you need to avoid in the meantime.
If the bleeding persists, contact your dentist or oral surgeon. Here are other signs that could indicate an infection:
Further treatments may need to be done if you’re experiencing any of the symptoms above.
Your dental team will assist you to help you feel better.